Thomas Gerard

Thomas Gerard[1, 2]

Male 1608 - 1673  (64 years)

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  • Name Thomas Gerard 
    Born 10 Dec 1608  Newhall, Lancashire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 19 Oct 1673  Mochoticks, Westmoreland County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I12966  Moore County Wallaces
    Last Modified 4 Jul 2013 

    Family 1 Roseanna "Rose" Sturman,   b. 1629,   d. 1712, Westmoreland County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Last Modified 2 Jul 2013 
    Family ID F11733  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Susanna Snow,   b. Abt 1610, Lancashire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1666, St. Marys County, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 56 years) 
    Married 21 Sep 1629  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Jane Gerard,   b. 1629,   d. 1659  (Age 30 years)
     2. Frances Gerard,   b. 1630
     3. Susanna Gerard,   b. 1635
    +4. Elizabeth Gerard,   b. 1636, Newhall, Lancashire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Sep 1716, St. Marys County, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     5. Justinian Gerard,   b. 1638,   d. Bef 1688  (Age 50 years)
     6. Thomas Gerard,   b. 1640,   d. 1686  (Age 46 years)
     7. Temperance Gerard,   b. 1642, Newhall, Lancashire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1711, Westmoreland County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
     8. Anne Gerard,   b. 1642
     9. John Gerard,   b. 1644,   d. 1678  (Age 34 years)
     10. Mary Gerard,   b. 1650
    Last Modified 2 Jul 2013 
    Family ID F3746  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 10 Dec 1608 - Newhall, Lancashire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 19 Oct 1673 - Mochoticks, Westmoreland County, VA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    River Springs
    River Springs
    As told by LInda Reno: On May 6, 1669, Elizabeth Gerard, daughter of Thomas, married Nehemiah Blackistone. As a wedding gift, Thomas Gerard gave the couple "Longworth Point", 300 ac. and "Dare's Neck", 100 ac. (today's Coltons Point and adjacent lands). The part of the property now known as "River Springs" contains 88 acres and is owned by Gordon and Gerard Blackistone Hughes, direct descendants of Nehemiah Blackistone and Elizabeth Gerard. Located there is the main residence, two cottages and a working farm.

    The original [current] house was built by George Blackistone in 1841 and contained large wings on either side. During the mid to late 1800s, his son, Dr. Richard Pinkney Blackistone, used the wings of rooms as lodging for patients.

    Then in the early 1900s, Robert Deminieu Blackistone Sr. converted the structure to a resort hotel with a riverside gazebo for dancing in the evenings. During the 1930s his children, Jane (Blackistone) Hughes and Robert Deminieu Blackistone, Jr., removed the wings and gazebo, and added a kitchen, three bathrooms, and a portico front porch, creating today's "River Springs", a private residence. (Information from the Southern Maryland Garden Tour, May 2012).

  • Sources 
    1. [S1089] Find A Grave [www.findagrave.com].
      Dr. Thomas Gerard was baptized in Winwick Parish Church, New Hall in Ashton-in-Makerfield in the County Lancashire in England on December 10, 1608 and is the son of John Gerard of Newhall and wife, Isabell. Thomas and Susanna Snow, married on September 21, 1629 in County Stafford, England. She was born about 1611 and is the daughter of John Snow of Brookhouse, County Stafford and wife, Judith.

      Dr. Gerard was of the Catholic faith. His occupation was that of a surgeon and a planter. He came into the Province of Maryland by April 1638. One of the first manorial grants in St. Mary's County was issued to Dr. Gerard in 1639. He acquired a patent for 1,030 acres that he named, "St. Clement's Manor." This patent included St. Clement's Island, the landing place of the first Maryland settlers in 1634. With this patent, he also achieved the status of 'Lord of the Manor." He acquired other manors becoming one of the largest land owners in Maryland. Dr. Gerard acquired 3,500 acres in Westmoreland County, Virginia that he named, "Gerard's Preserve." He and George Thompson invested jointly in a parcel of land becoming the land's original title holder. The current title holder is the Federal Government and the location of this property is Capitol Hill in Washington D C.

      Not only did Dr. Gerard practice medicine in Maryland and in Virginia, he was very active in provincial politics of his day. In St. Mary's County, he served as juryman in May 1638; elected burgess to the assembly in 1639; commissioned to be "Conservator of the Peace" in March, 1640; and was elected burgess from St. Clement's Hundred in September, 1640. He was appointed to the Provincial Council by a commission from Lord Baltimore in 1643. He held this position until he aligned himself with the Fendall Rebellion of 1660. With the collapse of the rebellion, Dr. Gerard was banished. He went to live in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Eventually, he was pardoned by the Maryland Council but was forbidden to ever hold any offices. With his citizenship restored, all estates were returned to him but he remained living in Virginia.

      Since Dr. Gerard's wife, Susanna, and their children were Protestants, he had erected an Anglican Chapel for them on St. Clement's Manor. Their children are: Justinian, Susanna, Frances, Temperance, Anne, Elizabeth and Mary, who were born in England, and Thomas, Anne, Jane, John and Mary, who were born in Maryland; documented in "Register of Maryland's Heraldic Families" (Series II) page 322.

      Dr. Thomas Gerard died at "Mathotick River" in Westmoreland County, Virginia in December of 1673. Gerard had remarried to Rose Tucker but no issue from this marriage. He requested in his Last Will & Testament that his body be taken to St. Clement's for burial beside his wife, Susanna, who died there in 1666. The family cemetery no longer exists because the soil eroded into the Potomac River where they were buried.

      Dr. Thomas Gerard has been established with the COLONIAL DAMES OF THE XVII CENTURY and his heraldry lineage has been proven back to WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. Reference Book: "Plantagenet Ancestry," under GERARD; page 351 - #17.

    2. [S1089] Find A Grave [www.findagrave.com].
      Arrived on the ship The Arc and The Dove with Governor Leonard Calvert and others. Lord of the Manor, Patent Holder and Local Conservator of the Peace of St. Clement's Hundred in St. Mary's County, Member of Lord Baltimore's Council, Justice of the Provincial Court, Member of the Assembly, Physician, and Planter.

      Thomas Gerard, surgeon, came from a well connected Roman Catholic family that was traced back to the time of the General Survey of the Kingdom 1078. His relative, Sir Thomas Gerard, Lord Baron of Byrne, was one of those who financed Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore, proprietor of the Maryland colony. Dr. Gerard's first wife, Susanna was the daughter of Justinian Snow, one of the founders of Maryland and Lord Baltimore's factor. Thomas Gerard's first visit to Maryland was in April 1638. He had been chosen by the Lord Baltimore to aid in the development of the "Manor" System in Maryland and was issued one of the first manorial grants to be issued in Saint Mary's County. This was a patent for 1,030 acres which he called "Saint Clement's Manor" and which included Saint Clement's Island, the landing place of the first Maryland settlers in 1634. He sold his property in England and settled in Maryland, bringing over his family and forty servants. He continued to acquire property, and at the time of his death he owned 16,000 acres, mostly in Maryland. He practiced medicine in Maryland and Virginia. He was also very active in provincial politics. He served as juryman at Saint Mary's in May 1638, he was elected a burgess to the assembly from St Mary's in February 1639, he was commissioned by the Proprietor as "Conservator of the Peace" in March 1640, elected burgess from St Clement's Hundred in September 1640, and was appointed to the Provincial Council by a commission from Lord Baltimore in November 1643. In October 18, 1650, he obtained a patent for additional land in Virginia. In 1655, the Puritans of Maryland overthrew the Propriator's government. Lord Baltimore appointed Josiah Fendall to retake control. In March 1660, Fendall attempted to overthrow the proprietary government of Maryland and Thomas Gerard (who at this time was a commissioned member of the Provincal Council) was involved in this action which was called "Fendall's Rebellion". This was considered treason, and he was banished from Maryland. Subsequently, the Maryland Council "Desired that the Sentence of Banishmt be by the Governor pardoned and that the said Thomas GERRARD be had held and reputed as a Freeman of this Province to all Intents and pourposes Saving that he shall not at any tyme beare office within this Province, nor have voyce in Electing nor be Elected Burgess in any Assembly for the future Provided the said Gerrard make Recognizance of tenn thousand weight of tobacco, to the Lord Proprietary for his Good behaviour towards the Governmt here". (Archives of Maryland, Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1660?1661, volume 3, pp. 405-407.) After his first wife died in about 1666, he married again and retreated to his property in Virginia where he died. In his will he stated - "Testator desires to be buried by deceased wife Susanna".(Md Cal of Wills L 1 f 567)