Nathan Smith[1, 2, 3]

Male 1731 - 1811  (80 years)


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  • Name Nathan Smith 
    Born 1731  NC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Deed 1771  Moore County, NC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Deed 1774  Moore County, NC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census 1790  Montgomery County, NC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Deed 1798  Banks County, GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Tax List 1800  Banks County, GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Deed 1803  Banks County, GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Tax List 1808  Banks County, GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 1811  Banks County, GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • 1790 -- Census, Montgomery County, NC Page 416
      Nathan Smith
      (16+) 2M
      (0-16) 3M
      6F
    Person ID I34513  Moore County Wallaces
    Last Modified 7 Feb 2014 

    Family Ann,   b. 1733  [4
    Children 
    +1. Everett Smith,   b. 1751,   d. 21 Apr 1822, Lincoln County, MS Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)
     2. Nicholas Smith,   b. 1758
    +3. Isham Smith,   b. 1760,   d. Aft 1840  (Age 81 years)
    +4. Stephen Smith,   b. 1762,   d. 1846, Lawrence County, MS Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
    +5. William Smith,   b. 26 Feb 1763, NC Find all individuals with events at this location
    +6. Sarah Rachel Smith,   b. 1765, NC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. MS Find all individuals with events at this location
    Histories
    Smith Family of Moore County, NC - Miscellaneous Records
    Smith Family of Moore County, NC - Miscellaneous Records
    The enclosed is a timeline and accounting of early Smith references in Moore County and Cumberland County.
    Last Modified 28 Aug 2013 
    Family ID F10860  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDeed - 1771 - Moore County, NC Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeed - 1774 - Moore County, NC Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1790 - Montgomery County, NC Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeed - 1798 - Banks County, GA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTax List - 1800 - Banks County, GA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeed - 1803 - Banks County, GA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTax List - 1808 - Banks County, GA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1811 - Banks County, GA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    1772 Land Grant, Cumberland County, NC #1117 - Everet Smith
    1772 Land Grant, Cumberland County, NC #1117 - Everet Smith
    Map of upper Moore County [South of Robbins] prior to 1780
    Map of upper Moore County [South of Robbins] prior to 1780
    Highlighted tracts include lands owned by the Smith family.
    1768 Land Grant, Cumberland County, NC #851 - Nathan Smith
    1768 Land Grant, Cumberland County, NC #851 - Nathan Smith
    1774 Deed Book 6 Page 279, Cumberland County, NC - Jesse Ritter to Nathan Smith
    1774 Deed Book 6 Page 279, Cumberland County, NC - Jesse Ritter to Nathan Smith
    1797 Land Grant, Moore County, NC #1863 - Jacob Stutts
    1797 Land Grant, Moore County, NC #1863 - Jacob Stutts
    Map of Ancel Melton land in Moore County, NC between Wet and Dry Creeks
    Map of Ancel Melton land in Moore County, NC between Wet and Dry Creeks
    Higlighted tracts include land granted to Ancel Melton in 1797 and land he purchased from Nathan Smith in 1786. The property was originally granted to Jesse Ritter in 1773. Ancel Melton's son James Melton is buried here. It is likely that a number of Melton family graves once existed here but currently James is the only one remaining.
    1789 Land Grant, Moore County, NC #323 - John Stutts
    1789 Land Grant, Moore County, NC #323 - John Stutts

    Histories
    1767 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC
    1767 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC
    Includes some of the earliest land owners from present day Cumberland, Moore, Harnett, Lee and Hoke counties. Courtesy of NC Archives.
    1777 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain Jacob Duckworth's Military Districts only]
    1777 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain Jacob Duckworth's Military Districts only]
    Captain Cox and Captain Duckworth's Military District encompass present day upper Moore County [see attached map]. Courtesy of the NC Archives. Map courtesy of the Cumberland County Genealogical Society.
    1778 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain Jacob Duckworth's Military Districts only]
    1778 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain Jacob Duckworth's Military Districts only]
    Captain Cox and Captain Duckworth's Military District encompass present day upper Moore County [see attached map]. Courtesy of the NC Archives. Map courtesy of the Cumberland County Genealogical Society.
    1779 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain Jacob Duckworth's Military Districts only]
    1779 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain Jacob Duckworth's Military Districts only]
    Captain Cox and Captain Duckworth's Military District encompass present day upper Moore County [see attached map]. Courtesy of the NC Archives. Map courtesy of the Cumberland County Genealogical Society.
    1780 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain Jacob Duckworth's Military Districts only]
    1780 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain Jacob Duckworth's Military Districts only]
    Captain Cox and Captain Duckworth's Military District encompass present day upper Moore County [see attached map]. Courtesy of the NC Archives. Map courtesy of the Cumberland County Genealogical Society.
    1783 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain John Hunnicutt's Military Districts only]
    1783 Tax List, Cumberland County, NC [Captain John Cox and Captain John Hunnicutt's Military Districts only]
    Captain Cox and Captain Hunnicutt's[formerly Duckworth] Military District encompass present day upper Moore County [see attached map]. Courtesy of the NC Archives. Map courtesy of the Cumberland County Genealogical Society.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1145] Descendants of Nathan Smith of North Carolina [http://lewis187.home.mchsi.com/Wilkinson/Smith-98.htm#a], Charles E. Lewis, Davenport, IA, lewis184@mchsi.com.
      Nathan Smith was born in about 1725 in North Carolina. In about 1750 in North Carolina, Nathan married Ann Smith b. c. 1733. By 1751 Nathan and Ann settled in Bladen Co NC and began raising their family. The first documentation for this family is from the 1768 Cumberland Co NC patent for land on Richland Creek near what is now Putnam NC.

      In 1784 Moore County split from Cumberland County. A Nathan Smith is found in the 1790 Moore Co NC Census. With him is one female of indeterminate age. Did Ann die before 1790, and is this daughter Mary living at home?

      Nathan Smith, et. al., migrated in about 1795 from North Carolina to an area thought to be Franklin Co GA. The Cherokees complained that the Nathan Smith Settlement was on their land. Benjamin Hawkins, an Indian Agent, was sent to Georgia to determine who was right, the settlers or the Indians; and, he decided in favor of the Indians. Note, the Nathan Smith Settlement was probably located in the vicinity of Holllingsworth, Franklin (now Banks) Co GA near where Fort Hollingsworth still stands. Evidence for locating the Nathan Smith Settlement at Ft. Hollingsworth comes from a deed showing James Minyard, Resident #42 on the list, owning property on Mountain Creek. This property is located approximately 1/4 mile south of Hollingsworth GA.

      The land dispute went on for many years, and the settlers became discouraged. On 9/13/1798, members of the Nathan Smith Settlement sent a petition to the Governor of Georgia, requesting some sort of relief. With the "Four Mile Purchase" of 1804, the boundary of the Cherokee Purchase was extended north and west, and these lands were added to then Franklin Co GA. Although the newly purchased lands included a majority of settlers in the previously disputed territory, many settlers of the Nathan Smith Settlement were either out of luck or had already moved on.

      As some awaited final resolution, other members of the settlement sold their lands "warranted against all but the Indian Claims," continuing their southern and western migration. Four of Nathan Smith's sons and many of their neighbors migrated by 1813 to what would become the Fair River, Bahala, Bogue Chitto, and McCall Creek settlements of Lawrence and Franklin Counties in Mississippi. Nathan and his wife are believed to have lived the remainder of the lives at the original settlement, and are buried somewhere in what is now Banks Co GA.

      * Born c. 1725 in North Carolina
      * 11/10/1749 Craven Co NC Land Joining

      Moore Co NC (1747-1847) v. 1, p. 415:
      11 Oct., 1749. Nathan Smith.250 acres in Craven Co. on S. side of Neuse River and on S. side on S. W. Creek, joining the creek and George Roberts on a Beaver Dam.

      * Married c. 1750 in North Carolina to Ann Smith b. c. 1733

      * Settled by 1751 in Bladen (now Moore) Co NC
      * 1754 Cumberland split from Bladen Co
      * 1767 Cumberland Co NC Tax List: Nathan Smith
      * 12/22/1768 Cumberland Co Land Patent

      Abstracts of Deeds of Cumberland Co NC, Book 6, p. 26:
      JOHN McLOUD: 4 Dec. 1772 LEVY PENNINGTON planter, & wife, MARTHA (X), to JOHN McLOUD, farmer, all of Cumberland, for 50 N.C., 200 a. on Richland Creek incl. The plantation whereon sd. PENNINGTON now lives, adj. CAMPBELL's upper line, patent to NATHAN SMITH 22 Dec. 1768. Wit: JAMES MUSE, JOHN MARTIN. Proved by JOHN MARTIN Jan 1773.

      * 1771 Cumberland Co NC Land Transaction

      20 Jul 1771 NATHAN SMITH, and ANN SMITH his wife, planter of Cumberland Co. to Levi Pennington, Sr of Cumberland Co., 45pds, land in Cumberland co. on Richland Creek branch of McClendon's Creek. s/ NATHAN SMITH, ANN SMITH w/ John Stephens, Isaac Pennington.

      * 1772 Cumberland Co NC Land Transaction

      30 Jan 1772. Deed: NATHAN SMITH & wife ANN to Levi Pennington, Sr. proved by John Stephens.

      * 1774 Cumberland Co NC Land Transaction

      Cumberland Co NC Court of Pleas:
      25 Oct 1774. Deed: Jesse Ritter to NATHAN SMITH proved by William Manes.

      * 1784 Cumberland Co NC Grand Jury: Nathan Smith

      * 1784 Moore Co split from Cumberland Co

      * 1790 Moore Co NC Census
      Nathan Smith
      (16+) 1M
      (0-16) 1M
      1F

      * Migrated c. 1795 to Franklin Co GA

      * 9/13/1798 Petition to the Governor of Georgia for adjustment of land boundaries: Nathan Smith

      * 12/20/1798 Franklin Co GA Land Transaction

      Franklin Co GA Deed Book N, p 102-103:
      Dtd 12/20/1798. Rec 1799.
      Joseph Neale and wife Frances to Elbert Co GA to Nathan Smith of Franklin Co. In cons. of $900, conveys 600 acres in Franklin Co on Hudson Fork of Broad Riv., adj. Kulian Neale, Thomas Gregg, being two tracts granted to Julian Neals 17 Mar., 1786, and registered in Book III folio 610.612..
      Signed: Joseph Neal, Frances Neal. Wit: Benjamin Neal, H. McDonald JP.

      * 1800 Franklin Co GA Tax List: Nathan Smith 300 a. Hudson River

      * 2/18/1803 Franklin Co GA Land Transaction

      Franklin Co GA Deed Book OO, p 70-71:
      Dtd 18 Feb, 1803. Rec Oct. 5, 1803.
      Thomas Gregg and wife Anna of Elbert Co GA to Nathan Smith. In cons. of $100, conveys 262 ac. in Franklin Co on Hudson Riv., adj. Nail, Gregg, and Stephen Smith. Warranted against all but the Indian claim.
      Signed: Thos Gregg, Anne Gregg. Wit: John McGowen, Nimrod House, Jno. Cunningham JP

      * 1804 List of original inhabitants of the Nathan Smith Settlement: #41. Nathan Smith

      * 1808 Franklin Co GA Tax List: Nathan Smith on Hudson River

      * Died c. 1811 Franklin (now Banks) Co GA

      Children

      1. Everett Smith

      * Born 1751 in Bladen Co NC
      * 1754 Cumberland split from Bladen Co
      * Married c. 1773 in Cumberland (now Moore) Co NC to Eliza Furr b. 1758 in North Carolina
      * 1784 Moore Co split from Cumberland Co
      * 1790 Moore Co NC Census: Everat Smith 2 3 3 0 0
      * Migrated before 1804 to Franklin Co GA
      * 1804 List of new settlers to the Nathan Smith Settlement: #77. Averitt Smith
      * Migrated c. 1813 to Lawrence Co MS
      * 1820 Lawrence Co MS Census:
      * Died 4/21/1822 Lawrence Co MS
      * Buried Smith Cemetery, Lincoln Co MS

      2. Nicholas Smith
      * Born c. 1753 Bladen Co NC
      * 1754 Cumberland split from Bladen Co
      * 1784 Moore Co split from Cumberland Co
      * 1790 Moore Co NC Census: Not found
      * Migrated c. 1795 to Franklin Co GA
      * 9/13/1798 Petition to the Governor of Georgia for adjustment of land boundaries: Nicholas Smith
      * 1800 Franklin Co GA Tax List: Nicholas Smith 100 a. Hudson River
      * 1804 List of original inhabitants of the Nathan Smith Settlement: #45. Nicholas Smith (R)
      * Migrated by 1804 from Franklin Co GA
      * Possible father of Nicholas Smith of Franklin Co MS
      * Date and place of death unknown

      3. Isham Smith

      * Born c. 1760 Cumberland Co NC
      * 1784 Moore Co split from Cumberland Co
      * Married 1789 in Moore Co NC to Sarah Harbin b. c. 1770 in North Carolina
      * 1790 Montgomery Co NC Census: Isham Smith 1 2 6
      * 1800 Chatham Co NC Census: Isham Smith
      * 1804 List of new settlers to the Nathan Smith Settlement: #54. Isham Smith
      * 4/18/1804 Franklin Co GA Land Transaction

      Franklin Co GA Deed Book RR, p. 38:
      18 April 1804, rec. 7 June 1808. From Lewis Dickerson (x) of Franklin Co. to Isham Smith of same. In consideration of $1,065, conveys 200 acres in Franklin County on Hudson Fork of Broad River, granted to Joseph Martin Russell, and by him conveyed to Thomas Warren, who conveyed it to John Parker, and conveyed by Parker to said Dickerson, adj. Hableton.
      Wit: John Douglas (x), Caleb Griffith. Sworn to Douglas before Jno. Collins, J. P. 21 May 1808.

      * 1810 Franklin Co GA Tax List: Isham Smith 200 a. Hudson River
      * Migrated c. 1811 to Marion Co MS
      * Note: Lived with children and never owned land in Mississippi
      * Died 1840 Lawrence Co MS

      4. William Smith

      * Born 2/26/1763 Cumberland Co NC
      * 1780 - ? Revolutionary War Service: Enlisted 96th Dist. SC
      * 1784 Moore Co split from Cumberland Co
      * 1790 Moore Co NC Census: William Smith 1 1 1
      * Migrated before 1800 to Franklin Co GA
      * 1800 Franklin Co GA Tax List: William Smith
      * 1804 List of new settlers to the Nathan Smith Settlement: #76. William Smith
      * 10/3/1806 Franklin Co GA Land Transaction

      Franklin Co GA Deed Book ?, p 27-28:
      3 Oct., 1806. James Blair to Christopher Kelly. In cons. $250, conveys 155 ac. in Franklin Co. on Wards Crk., waters of Tugalo Riv., being part of land granted to Samuel Ward 24 Sept., 1803 by Gov. John Milledge as surveyed by George Henning, Dep. Sur. 6 Feb., 1792, adj. land surveyed for William Hay.
      Wit: W'm Smith, James Sparks, Benja. Cleveland, Joel Yowel JP.

      * Died 1833 Franklin Co GA

      5. Stephen Smith b. c. 1765 Cumberland Co

      6. Mary Smith b. c. 1768 Cumberland Co NC

      7. Sarah Rachel Smith

      * Born c. 1770 Cumberland Co NC
      * 1784 Moore Co split from Cumberland Co
      * Married c. 1790 in Moore Co NC to Owen Carpenter b. c. 1765 in North Carolina
      * 1790 Moore Co NC Census: Carpenter, Owen, 3,3,4,0,0
      * Migrated c. 1795 to Franklin Co GA
      * 9/13/1798 Petition to the Governor of Georgia for adjustment of land boundaries: O(w)en Carpenter
      * 1800 Franklin Co GA Tax List: Owen Carpenter 100 a. Hudson River
      * 1804 List of original inhabitants of the Nathan Smith Settlement: #46. Owen Carpenter
      * Migrated c. 1813 to Lawrence Co MS
      * Died before 1820 Lawrence Co MS
      * 1820 Lawrence Co MS Census: Owen Carpenter, Sr. (+45)/ No spouse

    2. [S1143] Gone to Georgia [http://lewis187.home.mchsi.com/History/GTG.htm], Charles E. Lewis, lewis184@mchsi.com.
      The Nathan Smith Settlement of Franklin County, Georgia

      Nathan Smith was born in about 1725 in North Carolina. By 1751 Nathan settled in Bladen (now Moore) Co NC where he began raising his family. Nathan Smith, et. al., migrated in about 1795 from North Carolina to an area thought to be Franklin Co GA. The Cherokees complained that the Nathan Smith Settlement was on their land. Benjamin Hawkins, an Indian Agent, was sent to Georgia to determine who was right, the settlers or the Indians; and, he decided in favor of the Indians.

      "The first settlers of what is now Habersham County were those settlers of Franklin County, whose lands were granted by the State of Georgia between 1783 and 1788, lay north of the Indian Boundary fixed by the treaty of 1785. These lands were granted under the impression that they lay south of the agreed boundary line.

      When this line was surveyed, it was found that these lands lay north of the boundary line and in the Cherokee Nation, the Indians demanded their immediate removal. In 1798, these settlers petitioned Governor James Jackson to have the line re-run or to take such other action that would protect them in the possession of their homes. This resulted in the "Four Mile Purchase" of 1804, when the Indians ceded a strip of land four miles wide and twenty miles long which included these lands. This strip of land was then added to Franklin County, but now lies in Banks and Habersham Counties. [1798 Petition]

      "The First Settlers," Lavonia Times and Gauge, 23 February 1934.

      Once the original purchase was surveyed, a report was forwarded to the agent at Ft. Southwest Point, delineating the extent of the problem and listing the names of settlers who were found to be beyond the boundary and intruding on Cherokee lands.

      Summary of a Report of Colo. William Wofford, made to Colo. Return Jonathan Meigs, agent to the Cherokee Indians, Southwest Point, regarding the number and condition of the Settlers living in and near the "Wofford Settlement", on the Frontier of Georgia and the Cherokee Nation of Indians ? lying between the Currahee Mountain and the headwaters of the Oconee River.

      Territory by Colonel Benjamin Hawkins Line, 1st February 1798

      1. Colo. William Wofford 12. Amos Bowling (R)
      2. Luca McCray (R) 13. Samuel Reid (R)
      3. Benjamin Wofford 14. Charles Wells (R)
      4. Thomas Barnard (R) 15. Richard Burkes
      5. Moses Halcom 16. Equiea McCracken (R)
      6. William Bright (R) 17. James McCracken
      7. Nathaniel Wofford 18. John Collins (R)
      8. George Hopper 19. Jesse Austin
      9. Thomas Hopper (R) 20. Augustine Brown (R)
      10. Richard Lay (R) 21. John Straun (R)
      11. William Weatherspoon 22. Garrat Smethers (R)

      Due to intermarriages, etc; Among original settlers of Wofford's

      23. Robert Brown 32. Robert Mahan
      24. William Brown 33. Jesse Dean
      25. William Alred 34. William Taylor (R)
      26. William Hartgrave (R) 35. Garland Lean
      27. Robert Little (R) 36. Charles Crawford
      28. Samuel Bright 37. David Clark
      29. Hugh Hartgrave 38. Matthew Alexander
      30. William L. Croy 39. Jacob Loughridge
      31. Lucas L. Croy 40. John Bland

      Nathan Smith's Settlers - Original Settlers left outside of Colo. Hawkins line 1st. February 1798:

      41. Nathan Smith 48. Thomas Warren
      42. James Minyard 49. Joseph Halcom (R)
      43. Michael Oliver (R) 50. Charles Warren (R)
      44. Stephen Smith (R) 51. William Thornton(R)
      45. Nicholas Smith (R) 52. Johnson McKinney(R)
      46. Owen Carpenter 53. Lewis Dickenson
      47. Jack Parker (R)

      New Settlers to Nathan Smith's Settlement:

      54. Isham Smith 65. James Brown
      55. John Smith 66. Temple Carpenter
      56. Adam Sheffield 67. John Warren
      57. James Keys 68. James Hamilton
      58. Joseph Shelton 69. Nimrod House
      59. Samuel Spencer 70. James Alred
      60. William Spencer 71. Thomas Bullen
      61. Richard Jacks 72. William Newton
      62. John Huitt 73. ______ Snow
      63. Jacob Hollingsworth 74. Asa Walker
      64. Moses Alred 75. Morgan Guest
      76. William Smith 78. George Morgan
      77. Averitt Smith 79. Reuben Warren

      Capt. John Little's Settlement. Original Smith's group.

      80. John Little (R) 83. James Huitt (R)
      81. William Little (R) 84. Solomon Huitt (R)
      82. Samuel Little (R)

      New Settlers in Smith's settlement.

      85. Garrot Watts 90. Peter Bougress
      86. Jesse Scarborough 91. Lewis Williams
      87. Lewis Phoebus 92. Mastin Williams
      88. Jesse Dodd 93. Gideon Cantlebury
      89. William Dodd 94. Stephen Williams

      Joshua Darnigan's Settlers. Original settlers Darnigan's group.

      95. Joshua Darnigan (D) 98. William Lawrence (R)
      96. Joseph Dunnagon 99. Robert Montgomery(R)
      97. James Cunningham (R) 100. William Tansey (R)

      Darnigan's new settlers.

      101. Ezekiel Dunagan 104. Isaiah Dunagan
      102. Thomas Wafer 105. John Peak
      103. Joseph Wilson 106. Solomon Peak (T)

      N. B. Interim Changes
      (R) - Removed
      (D) - Deceased
      (T) - Tenant - lives in Georgia.

      New Settlers - Intruders after line was run - None are connected to Wofford.

      107. Otwell 120. Megee 131. Shepherd
      108. Carroll 121. Holland 132. Cavender
      109. William 122. Dunman 133. Myers
      110. McKinney 123. Nations 134. Myers
      111. Grissett 124. Nations 135. Manning
      112. Rooks 125. Reed 136. Robinson
      113. Hill 126. York 137. Lindsey
      114. Brogdon 127. York 138. Cornwell
      115. Castleberry 128. York 139. Mullens
      116. Warren 129. Gray 140. Mullens
      117. Strickland 130. Heath 141. Mullins
      118. Armstrong 142. Young
      119. Bevin

      Additional know settlers.

      143. John Martin Russell 144. ______ Vickery

      "1804 Franklin Co., GA," Georgia Genealogist, 1790-1798.

      The land dispute went on for many years, and the settlers became discouraged. On 9/13/1798, members of the Nathan Smith Settlement sent a petition to the Governor of Georgia, requesting some sort of relief.

      13th September 1798
      His Excellence James Jackson, Gov. of Georgia.

      We are induced from the peculiarity of our situations as Frontier citizens of Jackson & Franklin Counties to address your Excellency and implore your interposition in our favor. - We beg leave to represent that we hold titles derived from Grants issued by the State of Georgia for Lands which have proven to lie beyond the temporary boundary line, lately extended under the Superintendence of Colo. Hawkins, Agent of Indian affairs for the United States; that these lands, which we have honestly paid for, which we have been at great Labour and expence to improve and on which (exposed to savage depredations for Several years) we have hazarded the lives of ourselves and our families, we are now forbidden to occupy. - Thus after exhausting all our resources in the purchase & improvement of Lands, we are now told that we must abandon these homes, destitute (as we are) of the means of providing others for our families.

      The lands we hold were granted between the years 1783 & 1788 which we need not remark to your excellency was anterior to the Treaty concluded to New York.- We think it proper also to observe that evident inaccuracies have been commited in running of the line from the Currawhee Mountain to the source of the Appalachee, by which that line has been thrown much further in upon the inhabitants than it would have gone if it had been carried direct from one of these points to the other.

      We pray that your excellency will have the goodness to signify to us by letter addressed to Capt. John Little to the care of Daniel Beall Esq. At Franklin Court House, or in any other way that your Excellency may deem proper and expedient, your opinion.

      If your excellency has the power of affording us relief we count with great confidence on receiving it. If your Excellency has not that power, we beg that you will represent our situation to the next Ligislature and implore for us that redress which your excellency may think our cases entitled to.

      We have the honor to be with profound respect,

      Your Excellencies Most Obedt Servts, (Signed)

      Philip Thomas, John Thomas, Wm. Thomas, Philip Thomas Jr., Abednego Downing, Geo. Waters, Levi Taylor, James Huit, Solomon Huitt, Wm. Alexander Tansey, Jesse Austin, Tho. Barnard, Lucas LeCroy, Thomas Lean, Equila McKrakin, James McKrakin, Holcom, Geo. Hopper, Wm. Weatherspoons, Hugh Hartgrove, Nathaniel Wofford, Richard Burkes, Benjamin Wofford, Richard Lay, Nicholas Smith, Nathan Smith, O(w)en Carpenter, James Minnerd, Nicholas Nuton, Stephen Smith, (an illegible signature of the original document), Lewes Dickeson, Joseph Halcom, Jno. Parker, John Ratley, Thomas Warren, Robert Shipley, John Shipley, Nathaniel Shipley, William Little, Joseph Dunnegame, Ande Dunnegane, E. Dunnegame, Moses Terell, Jno. Little.

      History of Franklin Co. GA, page 107.

      With the "Four Mile Purchase" of 1804, the boundary of the Cherokee Purchase was extended north to Currahee Mountain and west to what is now Alto, Georgia. And, these lands were added to then Franklin Co GA. Although the newly purchased lands included a majority of settlers in the previously disputed territory, many settlers of the Nathan Smith Settlement were either out of luck or had already moved on.

      As some awaited final resolution, other members of the settlement sold their lands "warranted against all but the Indian Claims," continuing their southern and western migration. Four of Nathan Smith's sons and many of their neighbors migrated by 1813 to what would become the Fair River, Bahala, Bogue Chitto, and McCall Creek settlements of Lawrence and Franklin Counties in Mississippi. Nathan and his wife are believed to have lived the remainder of the lives at the original settlement, and are buried somewhere in what is now Banks Co GA.
      Locating the Nathan Smith Settlement

      The Nathan Smith Settlement was believed to be located in the vicinity of Helen, Franklin (now White) Co GA. Smith Creek flows south from the mountains and enters the Chattahoochee River just below the town. However, this is probably incorrect:
      SMITH CREEK, White County, Georgia.
      Located below Anna Ruby Falls.
      Named after the former Nathan Smith settlement.

      Smith Creek, which is formed below Anna Ruby falls was named by a surveyor for an early settler who owned land further south.

      "Anna Ruby Falls Trails," Georgia Trails, No date <http://georgiatrails.com/trails/annaruby.html> 12/25/2005.

      This location near Helen GA made sense; as it placed the settlement beyond the limits of the 1804 Four Mile Purchase. This was important because descendants of Nathan Smith sold their property "warranted against all but the Indian Claims," acknowledging that they probably were intruding on Cherokee lands. However, the removal/migration of intruders before 1804 indicates that the actual location of the settlement may have been beyond the 1798 Col. Hawkins Line but still within the later 1804 boundary.

      After the 1798 survey, Col. William Wofford enumerated the inhabitants of his settlement and others which were proven to be beyond the Hawkins Line, including the inhabitants of the Nathan Smith Settlement. By 1804 this list of inhabitants was updated to show additions to and deletions from the original families and new intruders. Of note, the letter "R" denotes those who removed/migrated from the territory by 1804. Further research shows that #44, the Stephen Smith who migrated to Mississippi, had a letter "R" annotated behind his name, indicating that he migrated from the settlement before 1804.

      Where was the actual location of the settlement? The 1804 Wofford list for the Nathan Smith Settlement shows a new inhabitant, #63 Jacob Hollingsworth. Reasonable conjecture leads to the belief that the extant Fort Hollingsworth, located at Hollingsworth in Banks Co GA, might be the actual location of the Nathan Smith Settlement.

      Middle Fork of Broad River above Leatherwood Creek
      Hollingsworth Fort

      "Some History of Banks County, Georgia," GenWeb Site, 2003 <http://www.rootsweb.com/~gabanks2/htmlpagesbanks/bankshistory.html> 25 December 2005.

    3. [S1134] Genealogy of Nathan Smith [http://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ja7smith/Genealogy_of_Nathan_Smith_2.html] , Jerry A. Smith, Ja7smith@optusnet.com.au.
      The following is a History of the Smith Family written by Sharon Smith Logan.

      NATHAN SMITH SETTLEMENT

      Stephen Smith was in all probability the son of Isham Smith who was born about 1760, North Carolina. In the 1790 Census of North Carolina, an Isham Smith appears in Montgomery County and an Everitt (Averitt) Smith appears in Moore County (Moore and Montgomery are adjoining counties), North Carolina. Smiths with the Christian names of Everitt, Stephen, and Isham appear early in Lawrence and Franklin Counties, Mississippi. The Smiths migrated from North Carolina to the Nathan Smith Settlement prior to 1800 to what they thought was Franklin County, Georgia but later was deemed to be Cherokee lands. The Cherokees complained that the Nathan Smith Settlement was on their land. An Indian agent by the name of Benjamin Hawkins from Washington D. C. was sent to Georgia to determine who was right, the settlement or the Indians; he decided in favor of the Indians. The land dispute went on for many years and the settlers became discouraged and sold their lands "warranted against all but the Indian Claims". The Smiths migrated in the early 1800's, to Fair River, Bahala, Bogue Chitto, and McCall creek areas of old Lawrence and Franklin counties, Mississippi.

      In "The First Settlers" in what is now Habersham County, taken from the Lavonia Times and Gauge, February 23, 1934, the following excerpt is cited:
      "The first settlers of what is now Habersham County were those settlers of Franklin County, whose lands were granted by the State of Georgia between 1783 and 1788, lay north of the Indian Boundary fixed by the treaty of 1785. These lands were granted under the impression that they lay south of the agreed boundary line. When this line was surveyed, it was found that these lands lay north of the boundary line and in the Cherokee Nation, the Indians demanded their immediate removal. In 1798, these settlers petitioned Governor James Jackson to have the line re-run or to take such other action that would protect them in the possession of their homes. This resulted in the "Four Mile Purchase" of 1804, when the Indians ceded a strip of land four miles wide and twenty miles long which included these lands. This strip of land was then added to Franklin County, but now lies in Banks and Habersham Counties. Those who signed the petition were: Phillip Thomas, John Thomas, William Thomas, Phillip Thomas, Jr., Abednego Downing, George Waters, Levi Taylor, James Huitt, Joseph Dunnegame, E. Dunnegame, Moses Terel (probably Terrell), John Little, William Alexander Ramsey, Jesse Austin, Thomas Ketrim, Thomas Lean, Equila McCrackin, (torn) McCrackin (probably James), (torn) Halcom (probably Moses), George Hopper, William Weatherspoons, Hugh Hartgrove, Benjamin Wofford,* Nathaniel Wofford, Richard Burkes, Richard Lay, Nicolas Smith, Nathan Smith, Oen Carpenter (probably Owen), James Minnerd (probably Minyard), Nicholas Nuton (probably Newton), Stephen Smith, Lewis Dickerson, Joseph Halcom, John Parker, John Ratley, Thomas Warren, Robert Shipley, John Shipley, Nathaniel Shipley, William Little." In the Georgia Genealogist, under Franklin County, Wofford Settlement appears the following: ". . . Col. Meigs further reported settlers left outside the Hawkins line around other forts:

      Isham Smith, John Smith, Adam Sheffield, James Keys, Joseph Shelton, Samuel Spencer, William Spencer, Richard Jacks, John Huitt, Jacob Hollingsworth, Moses Alfred, William Smith, Averitt Smith, James Brown, Temple Carpenter, John Warren, James Hamilton, Nimrod House, James Alfred, Thomas Bullen, William Newton, ____ Snow, Asa Walker, Morgan Guest, George Morgan, Reuben Warren".

      Of the above names found in Nathan Smith's Settlement, the following relocated to Mississippi: Nathan Smith - Franklin County, Nicholas Smith - Franklin County, Owen Carpenter, Lawrence County, Isham Smith - Lawrence County, Asa Walker - Lawrence County, Temple Carpenter - Lawrence County, William Newton - Lawrence County, Morgan Guest - Lawrence County, and Averitt/Everitt Smith - Lawrence County.

      It appears from the above transcripts that the Smith land was reclaimed by the Cherokee Nation and that the Smiths then migrated to Lawrence Mississippi prior to 1813. In the 1813 Tax Roll of Marion County (note: Lawrence County was formed from Marion in 1814), Isham Smith, Sr. is shown with a lot in Monticello with no poll taken. Persons exempt from poll taxes were over 50 years of age, thus the estimate that Isham Smith, Sr. was born about 1760.

    4. [S1134] Genealogy of Nathan Smith [http://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ja7smith/Genealogy_of_Nathan_Smith_2.html] , Jerry A. Smith, Ja7smith@optusnet.com.au.